On the eve of December 1, 2013, the first forceful break up of the Maidan
took place. Then, the Berkut riot police unit attacked students who gathered in front of the Independence Monument. The legal ground for their actions was the decision
of the judge of Kyiv District Administrative Court Bogdan Sanin, who forbade peaceful meetings on Khreschatyk street and Independence Square in Kyiv.
One week before December 9, another judge of Kyiv District Administrative Court Yevhen Ablov authorized the break up of protesters. For half a day he considered the lawsuit filed by the citizen to whom barricades on Maidan "prevented free movement". The judge issued the decision
forbidding "any person to take actions regarding blocking in any way"
of all streets where protests took place.
The Temporary Special Commission, which verified judges, found
signs of violation of the oath in actions of the judge Sanin and sent the opinion containing review materials to the High Council of Justice.
However, the High Council of Justice refused
to dismiss Sanin from office for violating the oath of the judge. Only three members of the council (Boyko, Husak, and Miroshnychenko) expressed the separate opinion
in which they disagreed and pointed to the arbitrariness of Sanin's decision.
The HCJ also refused
to dismiss Yevhen Ablov.
Another judge who kept his position is Mykola Chaus. He became famous after the NABU had caught him with the bribe hidden in the jar
. Earlier, the HCJ refused to dismiss him regarding Maidan cases. During the Revolution of Dignity, Chaus deprived
60-year-old engineer Konstantyn Veltyshchev the right to drive for 6 months for the trip to Mezhyhirya. His Moskvych stayed in the garage all day, in fact. But by some miracle, the vehicle plate number was blacklisted by the State Automobile Inspection. Chaus, apparently following the instruction of Yanukovych's administration, closed his eyes to absence of any evidence of Veltyshchev's guilt.
The disciplinary section of the HCJ recommended dismissal of Chaus in 2015. Perhaps, it would have happened if he hadn't received the case of Hennadiy Korban, which had bright political implication
. According to sources of Ukrainska Pravda, the entourage of the President Poroshenko was allegedly interested in Korban's arrest. The judge Chaus put Korban into custody and later the HCJ suddenly changed its mind
to dismiss him.
The case of Chaus became the example of use dependent "Maidan judges" when in exchange for necessary decisions for authorities Maidan judges kept their positions. It also became the precedent thanks to which dozens of judges of Maidan escaped punishment.
In general, the HCJ managed to dismiss only 16% of Maidan judges
. The rest avoided dismissal by delaying or deliberately covering by members of the HCJ.